I won't be listing phobias here for 2 reasons:
1/ It is literally impossible for some people to read the word describing their phobia
2/ There are so many different phobias that it would be impossible to list them all; still, we can precise that there are four major categories:
* Medical Situations
* Natural Environment
Virtually any object can become a phobia trigger
Phobias are common and lead to important impacts on many aspects of your life
It is an intense fear with all its bodily experiences,
Learning Theory - Pavlov - says that phobias develop when fear responses are reinforced or punished. Both reinforcement and punishment can be positive or negative.
A phobia may have been learnt, e.g. you saw someone screaming and you learn this was a very dangerous situation to be in;
or you directly experienced the connection fear-life event:
It can follow a traumatic event
Psycho-analytical theory - Freud - states that the currently feared object is not the original object of the fear
mental disorders are caused by physiological factors. This theory focuses on neuropsychology, which is a branch of psychology that is dedicated to studying the structure and function of the brain.
Neuropsychologists have identified certain genetic factors that may play a role in the development of phobias.
Reality is that the situation is often multi-factorial and best is to listen to your story with your specific phobia